SCIENTIFIC NAME:Regulus satrapa POPULATION: 130 million TREND: Decreasing HABITAT: Breeds in boreal forest, winters in variety of forest habitats.
The tiny Golden-crowned Kinglet is one of the world’s smallest perching birds. At only five grams (about the weight of two pennies), it’s not much larger than a Ruby-throated Hummingbird. Its genus name, Regulus, means “little king,” and refers to the bright yellow and orange feathers that crown this bird’s black-and-white-striped head.
A Golden-crowned Kinglet needs to eat constantly to fuel a high body temperature and metabolic rate, both of which help combat the cold. If a kinglet goes without food for only a few hours during the day, it will starve and freeze to death.